Social Policy Analysis

Diagnosing and defining societal problems requires collecting and analysing the right type of data through both quantitative and qualitative methods. A large part of our descriptive research work is focused on original data collection in the field coupled with analysis that provides insights for policymakers on the most binding constraints faced in a particular setting. Such analysis requires designing appropriate research instruments, data collection (through qualitative and quantitative methods), data analysis and clear presentation of the data through visualization.  Analysing the current situation accurately is key in supporting policymakers in designing better policies and in facilitating the engagement of civil society in advocacy efforts.

 

Related Projects

Enhancing Advocacy Capacities of Youth CSOs in Turkey: Guiding CSOs through Research

Youth, civic participation, advocacy, trainings

This project aims to provide background research on the situation of young people who are “neither in education nor in employment or training” (NEET), highlight CSO models in Turkey that address this problem and strengthen the capacity of CSOs working in the field of youth empowerment. By analysing the situation, building capacity at youth CSOs, and introducing their models to experts at relevant ministries the project aims to enrich the ongoing policy discussions on the issue of NEET.  The project has three main activity packages: (i) Building knowledge and research with a baseline research study, (ii) Training and capacity building workshops in youth CSOs and preparation of a handbook, (iii) Dissemination, advocacy and networking workshops.

The project is led by Development Analytics with Hayal Ortakları Derneği (YGA) as a co-applicant. The project is funded by the European Union under the Grant Scheme for Civil Society Support Programme.

April 2019 – ongoing

Thematic Studies on the Extension of the CCTE Programme to Refugees in Turkey

Refugees, cash transfers, education

In Turkey, as of 2018, over 3.8 million Syrians were under temporary protection of whom 1.8 million of them were children. The magnitude of the problem and a high number of Syrians in the country required establishing various social protection programmes. The Government of Turkey along with UNICEF and other partners have put a significant amount of effort as a response to this crisis. One of these actions is Conditional Cash Transfer for Education (CCTE). The CCTE programme for refugees has a cash and a protection component where families receive financial support for every child attending school. 

This study had the objective to understand the supply and demand side bottlenecks that hinder children’s access to CCTE programme and payment as well as Child Protection visits. To this end the key aspects related to the access and effects of the programme were analysed for (i) working children, including seasonal agricultural workers, ii) boys and girls, iii) children of different age groups (1-4th grade, 5-8th grade, 9-12th grade) and (iv) out of school children. Qualitative data was collected through 23 FGDs with children and their parents in three provinces, Istanbul, Gaziantep and Adana in addition to 14 key informant interviews with programme implementers and MONE staff in these provinces. 

May 2018 – February 2019

Annual Re-estimation of the Proxy Means Test Regression Model Used to Target Refugees for Multipurpose Cash in Lebanon

Poverty, Cash Transfers, Targeting, Refugees, Proxy Means Testing

To determine socio-economic vulnerability of the population of concern and subsequently target families to benefit from cash and food assistance programmes, UNHCR, WFP and partners in relevant sectors use an econometric formula, predicting expenditure (proxy means test) of refugee households in Lebanon. The Basic Assistance and Food Security Sectors use these predictions as the Desk Formula to select beneficiaries for multi-purpose cash and food assistance programmes. To ensure that up-to-date information is feeding into the targeting methodology and that there is consistency of implementation between UNHCR’s multipurpose cash programme, WFP’s food assistance programmes and programmes of relevant sector partners, the Desk Formula is re-estimated on an annual basis.

In 2018, Development Analytics re-estimated the Desk Formula and thereby refined the targeting approach for multi-purpose cash and food assistance interventions to meet food and other basic needs of refugees in Lebanon. This year, Development Analytics has been re-contracted for the 2019 annual re-estimation.

April 2018 - ongoing

Reform of Unconditional Cash Transfer Programme (Ajutor Social) of Moldova: Simulation and Costing of Options to Improve Coverage for Vulnerable Households

Poverty

This study considers potential reforms to Ajutor Social (AS), Moldova’s national targeted cash transfer programme in place since 2008 which presently covers around 7 percent of the population.  The research aims to help Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection (MHLSP) be better equipped to consider how to reform AS to improve coverage for single parents, large families and households with members who have a disability. Together, these three types of households compose a group of ‘priority households’ for the analysis of how AS can be reformed to increase coverage across them.

Overseas Development Institute partnered with Development Analytics to address two fundamental questions on behalf of UNICEF and MHLSP:

  • How can Ajutor Social be Reformed to Improve Coverage of and Outcomes for A Priority Group of Vulnerable Households?”

  • How can the costs of reform of Ajutor Social be estimated and what ‘costing model’ can be produced to demonstrate these?’

The research uses the micro-data from the Moldovan Household Budget Survey (MHBS) for 2017, the last year of that survey that contained a special module on claiming and receiving AS.  The data from MHBS 2017 was used to construct a micro-simulation model that replicated the rules for entitlement and award of AS and allowed simulations of alternative rules of entitlement based on policy reform scenarios.

October 2018 – ongoing

Case Study on KEDV Women’s Empowerment and Community Driven Development Model

The overall objective of this project was to analyse women cooperatives as a development model and reveal the role of the Foundation for the Support of Women’s Work (KEDV) in women’s cooperative movement in Turkey and its implementation model as a case. The study provides a review of i) the literature to understand recent developments in understanding the role of cooperatives in developing countries, ii) KEDV’s model, including value statements, processes, internal reports, assessments, and policy documents, iii) and cooperative case studies to understand the role of KEDV and women in the social cooperative movement in Turkey.

A mixture of a desk review of policy documents, articles, reports and strategic plans and qualitative fieldwork (i.e. key in-depth-interviews and focus group discussions done with selected women cooperatives) were used to gather data and present findings for this project.

October 2018- March 2019

Child Deprivation Analysis for Azerbaijan

Poverty

This study focuses on analysing Child Deprivation Surveys from 2015 and 2017 collected by State Statistical Committee (SSC) of Azerbaijan Republic, to measure household and child deprivation and risk of poverty, and provide a comprehensive analysis of the patterns and trends across both surveys. Additionally currently used methodological approaches and tools (sampling, questionnaires, calculation, etc.) to estimate the relevance of the methodology of measuring child deprivation/poverty in the country have been assessed.

The study aims to provide recommendations on improvement of data collection and measurement strategy of child deprivation and poverty to be able to respond to national priorities and SDG monitoring and reporting needs. Practical recommendations on improvement of policies and programs for children have also been provided along with the data analysis.

April 2018 - October 2018

Breakeven Analysis for Neighbourhood Child Care Centres

Early Childhood Development

This study focuses on the feasibility of opening up and running neighbourhood child care centres in poor and medium income neighbourhoods in Turkey. Breakeven analysis is employed using different kinds of data sources and different scenarios with respect to centre capacity and subsidy type. In the study (i) a supply side dataset collected from private child care centres in 5 provinces in Turkey and (ii) information provided by child care centres of KEDV are used as two different data sources. Set up costs, operational costs and prices of child care centres are taken into account in order to estimate the number of months it requires for the child care centres to pay the set up costs through the prices that they charge (breakeven point). Breakeven point is estimated for child care centres with different capacity levels and in different subsidy scenarios. The subsidy scenarios include (i) subsidized director salary, (ii) subsidized teacher salaries, (iii) subsidized rent, (iv) both the director and teacher salaries and the rent are subsidized. The aim of the study is to show the general attractiveness of opening up child care centres in poor or medium income neighbourhoods from a financial point of view and the kinds of subsidies that would be more helpful in attracting more cooperatives or private entrepreneurs to set up child care centres. 

April 2018 – June 2018

Education of Disadvantaged Children in the OIC: the Key to Escape from Poverty

Education, Poverty

This report focuses on access to education among disadvantaged groups in the member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). The report provides an overview of the current status and recent trends in education focusing on access to quality education by poverty status, location, gender, spoken language /ethnicity and disability status of children as well as policies and programmes to improve access among disadvantaged groups. The main focus is on primary and lower secondary education. The report consists of four parts. i) An outline of the conceptual framework used in analysing the state of education in OIC countries. ii) A summary of the state of education across OIC member states. This includes an analysis of trends across and between countries as well as an assessment of which groups are most disadvantaged with respect to access to education. iii) Case studies for the member states Jordan, Pakistan, Senegal, and Turkey which provide a more detailed assessment of factors affecting education provision in these countries. iv) Policy recommendations to increase access to education among disadvantaged groups.

      Download the PPT

📖 Download the report  and  the infographic

📖 Download the infographics of  Pakistan  Jordan   Senegal

March 2017-October 2017

Life in Transition Survey- Gender analysis and gender module

Gender, Care Work

Gender Analysis using Life in Transition Survey (LITS III) provides a descriptive analysis of a number of gender-related issues for 34 countries where the survey was collected. The study draws a general picture of gender differences in terms of asset holdings as well as household’s demand for care and utilization of care services, attitudes and values on gender-related issues and women’s and men’s entrepreneurial activities. 

 

The Life in Transition Survey (LiTS III) conducted jointly by the World Bank and EBRD is a combined household and attitudinal survey. The third round of LITS was implemented in 2015-2016 in 34 countries, with an average of 1,000 households interviewed per country. Samples are representative for these countries (a total of 51,206 observations). The survey consists of a number of modules including a (i) household roster collecting basic information on the members of the household such as their age, level of education and gender, (ii and iii) assets modules, (iv) a module on attitudes and values, (v) employment module, (vi) unemployment module, (vii) entrepreneurship module, (viii) a module on governance, (ix) a miscellaneous module with questions on various topics including health and the party the individual last voted for and lastly (x) a module on the impact of the crisis.    

 

In LITS III, different from the previous rounds new questions were added (questions on care demand in the household and gender norms) and responses for two of the modules (assets and employment) were collected from a secondary respondent (from the opposite sex) in addition to a primary respondent.

📖 Download the report

November 2016 - August 2017

Indonesia - Stock-take of Capacity Development for Local Service Delivery Capacity building, Poverty

Capacity building, Poverty

The overall objective of this project was to assist the World Bank Indonesia Decentralisation program to improve quality of support for district level capacity development. As Indonesia transitions from a lower-middle income country to an upper-middle income country and beyond, the challenge of improving service delivery has become more complex. The World Bank was providing advisory services and analytics to support the government to put in place new performance, accountability, and capacity development systems as part of these reforms.  The stocktake was expected to contribute both evidence base that can enable the effective programming of decentralization support as well as providing broader guidance/ learning for WB colleagues working in related fields. In this way, the stocktake aimed to contribute to a revision and update of their “theory of change” to include district (and village) driven change processes as an integral part of creating the conditions for service delivery improvement.

June 2016 -June 2017

Ex-ante Policy Evaluation of Supply and Demand Side Childcare Subsidies

Early Childhood Education and Care, Policy simulations

This study presents policy simulations looking at the fiscal implications of a subsidy for the child care market under various scenarios, and considering its impact on expanding capacity, service utilization, and female employment. The scenarios also present in each case the distributional impact of the subsidy under various modes of delivery of the subsidy (per capita grants to schools vs vouchers etc.). Policy scenarios evaluated in the paper include: (i) making municipalities of a certain size liable for providing child care services – though without supporting the operations with  central government financing (Scenario 0-1), (ii) provision of an investment grant only (Scenario 2), (iii) provision of an operational grant (with or without a price cap (Scenarios 3-4), (iv) providing a voucher scheme (Scenario 5), and (v) provision of the interaction of an investment grant with an operational grant or a voucher scheme (Scenarios 6-8).  The purpose of the policy measures is assumed to be three-fold:  (i) to increase the capacity of these services, (ii) to increase accessibility and affordability of services for children from disadvantaged backgrounds and (iii) to increase female labour force participation by increasing employment rates of mothers who will utilize services as well as creating new employment at these child care centres for care-takers.

 

View the presentation at this link

📖 Read the article

January - June 2016

Status of Children (Ages 0-6) in Turkey Advocacy Campaign Research Study

Early Childhood Development, Education, Health and Nutrition

This study presents the status of children in the 0–6 year age group in Turkey, with a focus on statistical analysis of the current situation and international comparisons of children’s well-being. The study also looks at the existing literature in Turkey, as well as international studies to identify gaps in policies and programs targeting children in this age group.  Within the scope of the study, 4 main themes have been covered  (i) Child and  Family  Characteristics  (ii)  Child  Protection  (iii)  Infant and Child  Health and  Nutrition,  and  (iv)  Early  Childhood Education.

 

 

📖 Download the report

November 2015- September 2016

Benefit Incidence of Fuel Subsidies in Madagascar and Recommendations for Child-Friendly Reallocation

Poverty

Fuel subsidies lead to environmental damage through inefficiencies in energy use, they are a burden for public budget and moreover, they are regressive, benefiting the already better off households. Despite, these negative qualities, energy subsidies are still implemented throughout the World. Post-tax energy subsidies in the World are estimated to be 5.3 trillion USD while fuel subsidies alone, are estimated to be 1.5 trillion USD, making up 1.8 percent of the global GDP in 2015. Although fuel subsidies are regressive, fuel subsidy reforms impact the poor the hardest. Previous experience with fuel subsidy reforms around the World shows that poverty increases as a result of fuel subsidy removal if it is not mitigated with redistribution efforts like cash transfers.

In Madagascar, the government decided to eliminate fuel subsidies gradually in June 2014. Yet, price control mechanism has not been dropped in the same period. Given the sharp fall in international oil prices in 2014, a window of opportunity has opened for Madagascar and countries alike to adopt a liberalized pricing system and abolish fuel subsidies.

In this study, using ENSOMD 2012 data set, we show that in Madagascar, fuel subsidies are highly regressive. Gasoline and diesel consumption is very rare in the households in the bottom 60 percent while kerosene is commonly consumed by households from all income groups. We find that poor households are affected the least if kerosene price remains unchanged. Nevertheless, different price increase scenarios including a change in the price of kerosene do not increase poverty by more than 1 percentage points. Instead reallocating the gains from the fuel subsidy reform to children aged 0-4 or 0-14 uniformly is found to decrease poverty rates between 2.4 to 4.6 percentage points.

📖 Download the full paper 

July 2015 - November 2015

School to Work Transition in Moldova: Informing Schooling and Jobs Decisions

Youth and Employment, School to Work Transition

The main objective of the study “Informing Schooling and Jobs Decisions in Moldova” was to inform ongoing and planned reforms in Moldova that aim to improve labor market outcomes, in particular through better aligning the education system with labor market needs, with a focus on better understanding of how males and females from different socioeconomic groups form their expectations regarding labor market outcomes and how they make their schooling and employment decisions in relation to these expectations. 

For this purpose, both quantitative and qualitative data were collected by the World Bank. This Project entailed the qualitative coding and analysis of data from 22 focus groups of young people in vocational schools, junior and secondary schools, universities, recent graduates, as well as parents and teachers. 

The main focus for the analysis included: (i) Reasons to choose specific education paths, (ii) Student aspirations, (iii) Perception of the education system and the different career orientation activities.

August 2015- November 2015

Improvement of Basic Services Delivery for the Poor in the OIC Member Countries

Education, Poverty

This study focuses on basic service delivery in OIC member countries, covering education, health care, water, sanitation and electricity sectors. The study presents the situation in the 57 member countries drawing on data collected from various sources and a literature review with regards to the access to the services, service delivery models employed and financing of the services along with common challenges that are observed in member countries in the delivery of basic services. Apart from the overview of the countries, the report includes in-depth case country studies of Indonesia, Bangladesh, Turkey, and Lebanon on the delivery of basic services, based on a literature review, as well as elite interviews. The report concludes with recommendations for the member countries to improve their basic service delivery models.

 

📖 Download the report

 

January, 2015 – September, 2015

Case Study on the Integrated Social Assistance MIS System in Turkey

Poverty and Social Assistance

Turkey’s Integrated Social Assistance Information System (ISAS-BUTUNLESIK) serves an important integrative function. Launched in 2009, ISAS enables the centralized collection of applications from poor and vulnerable households from each of the country’s Social Assistance and Solidarity Foundations and integrates them into a Single Registry. The ISAS links applicant data to other databases in 16 institutions, connecting 56 databases and uses the information to help determine eligibility for all SA programs. In 2013, 8 million households and 30 million people were enrolled in the Single Registry. This country case study note is prepared for the World Bank and the General Directorate of Social Assistance under the Ministry of Family and Social Policy of the Republic of Turkey.  The case study presents the evolution of the integrated social assistance targeting system and includes: (i) an overview of the national policies, programmes, and the agencies in social protection; (ii) MIS scope and functions (including collaboration across government agencies); (iii) the strategy and history of the implementation of ICT programmes; (iv) data management and consolidation; (vi) security and privacy issues, (vii) the composition and organization of the IT unit within the SP agency and MIS maintenance issues; and (viii) upcoming reform plans and lessons learned.

April 2015 - June 2015

Demand for Child Care and Elderly Care in Western Balkans and Central Asia: A Cross-Country Qualitative Assessment

Childcare, Elderly Care, Gender 

This project involved the coding and analysis of the qualitative data that were collected via 66 focus group discussions in seven countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, including Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, FYR Macedonia, Serbia, Ukraine, Armenia and the Kyrgyz Republic. The report focuses on women’s care responsibilities in ECA Countries, how care responsibilities impact women’s lives, as well as their perceptions and demand for centre-based child care and elder care services.  The project was part of a larger work program by the World Bank focusing on a supply and demand side assessment of child and elderly care services in ECA Countries.

November 2014-July 2015

Supporting Access and Continued Employment of Women by Enhancing Child Care Services

Female Labour Force Participation, Early Childhood Care and Education

This study evaluates the possibility of expanding child care facilities by analysing the demand conditions currently in the market for undertaking private sector child care investments in order to enhance the female employment. It also aims to provide a demand assessment for possibilities of investments by the private sector, organized industrial zones (OIZs) and municipalities. In this respect, qualitative data were collected from municipalities, organized industrial zones, and corporate firms as providers of private child care services in three provinces of Turkey. A total of 50 in-depth interviews were carried out with stakeholders at municipalities, organized industrial zones, corporate firms and financial institutions for the feasibility study and results were compiled using a coding structure that enabled the team to code and analyse the qualitative data in a quantitative format.  The report includes (I) an overview of the child care services sector for Turkey looking at public and private provision and assessing the institutional set-up of the sector, (II) assesses demand for childcare by households using data from a recent World Bank study on childcare in Turkey; (III) focuses on private and local providers of childcare in Turkey, first looking at the microeconomics of private providers (cost and pricing structure) in the sector and then focusing on fieldwork results taken from in-depth interviews carried out for this study with agents at workplaces (Corporates, Organized Industrial Zones) as well as municipalities.

November 2014 - April 2015

Supply and Demand for Child Care Services in Turkey: A Mixed Methods Study

Early Childhood Education and Care, Female labour Force Participation

This is a mixed methods study that investigates the status of childcare services in Turkey, particularly from the angle of quality, affordability, accessibility, and sufficiency of such supply. The overall work was done considering the potential interaction between such services and female labour force participation and productivity. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected for the study in 5 provinces of Turkey: Istanbul, Samsun, Eskisehir, Denizli, and Gaziantep. The study has 4 main components:,

(i) Mapping of Child Care: The availability and capacity of existing childcare and early childhood education supply were mapped  in relation to the potential demand (i.e. number of children), female labour force participation levels, and (information allowed) average household income levels, both at the national level and in selected provinces;

(ii) Supply Side Assessment:  Quantitative data was collected from 603 preschools and child care centres in Turkey and the types of childcare services available to households, both public and private, as well as community-based and other models were investigated along with their quality, cost, and accessibility in detail;

(iii) Demand Side Assessment: The normative and social aspects of use and access to childcare services are explored. This assessment includes both focus groups and individual questionnaires to better understand care needs of families with children, household preferences when it comes to childcare and barriers to access childcare, as well as women’s and men’s expectations of a new childcare support model. The demand assessment is structured around the dynamics of care demand and supply at the household level, taking women and their labour force engagement as the centre of focus. The assessment includes 25 focus group discussions with working, non-working mothers and fathers in 5 provinces;

(iv) Costing exercise: The actual operating costs of childcare centres in these provinces are investigated. The exercise also takes into consideration average family income in those provinces as well as household willingness to pay for childcare centres. 

 

📖 Download the report in English / in Turkish

📖 Download the infographic in English / in Turkish

📖 Read our article: "Investing in women and the next generation: The case for expanding childcare in Turkey"

April 2014 - September 2015

Estimating the Economic Value of Unpaid Elderly and Child Care by Turkish Women

Female labour Force Participation, Early Childhood Care and Education

The study estimates the economic value of unpaid elderly and child care activities provided by Turkish women in the household. We use two established methodologies to estimate the value of time spent on care activities by women in Turkey: (i) the opportunity cost method and (ii) the proxy good method (Berg et al 2004). Two household data sets were used for the estimation, the Turkey labour Force Survey (2011) and Time Use Survey (2006), both collected by TURKSTAT representative at the national level in Turkey.

March 2014 - September 2015

Turkey Health System Policy Dialogue: Synthesis paper on the Turkey Health Reform

Health Policy

This synthesis report summarises Turkey’s efforts under the Health Transformation Program for reaching Universal Health Coverage. Beginning in 2003, Turkey initiated a series of reforms under the Health Transformation Program (HTP) that over the past decade have led to the achievement of universal health coverage (UHC). Turkey’s reform efforts have impacted virtually all aspects of the country’s health system and have resulted in the rapid expansion of the proportion of the population covered and of the services to which they are entitled. At the same time, financial protection has improved. For example, (i) insurance coverage increased from 64 to 98 percent between 2002 and 2012; (ii) the share of pregnant women having four antenatal care visits increased from 54 to 82 percent between 2003 and 2010; and (iii) citizen satisfaction with health services increased from 39.5 to 75.9 percent between 2003 and 2011. Despite dramatic improvements there is still space for Turkey to continue to improve its citizens’ health outcomes, and challenges lie ahead for improving services beyond primary care. The main criticism to reform has so far come from health sector workers; the future sustainability of reform will rely not only on continued fiscal support to the health sector but also the maintenance of service provider satisfaction.

 

📖 Download the paper

October 2013 - January 2014

Survey on School-based Violence among Young Adolescents

Youth

he objective of this study was the preparation of a methodology for the Young Life Foundation (Genç Hayat Vakfı) to investigate "School-based Violence (and Bullying) among Young Adolescents". A survey instrument was designed to measure the intended outcomes using similar surveys from international studies. The sample was selected among public high schools in Istanbul and was fielded in May - June 2013 by the Young Life Foundation.

March 2013 - May 2013

Good Jobs in Turkey: Post-Crisis Adjustment and Employment Generation for Men, Women and Youth in Turkey

Youth, Gender, Employment

The paper measures the extent to which improvements in health outcomes observed in years 2003-2008 were due to the expansion of the demand-side health insurance subsidy to the poor and to what extent that they could be attributed to other supply-side changes taking place in the health sector in the same time period. This paper uses 4 cross-sectional Demographic and Health Surveys for Turkey in 1993, 1998, 2003 and 2008 to look at changes over time in insurance coverage, and health care utilization in the antenatal period, during birth and the early postnatal period for children. Four different health care utilization variables were used: (i) whether the mother has received any antenatal care during pregnancy, (ii) whether the birth was given at a health facility (public or private), (iii) whether the birth was attended by skilled staff (a doctor, midwife or nurse) and (iv) whether the child has received a complete set of vaccinations. The variables are defined in the data for all children in the 0-4 age group (with births in the past 4 years) for the first three variables and for children in the 12-23 month group (1 year olds) for the vaccination variable.

The paper was utilized as a background paper for the LANCET Report "Universal Health Coverage in Turkey: Enhancing Equity".

 

📖 Download the report

July 2013 - September 2013

Analysis of the Impact of Turkey Health Transformation Program on Health Utilization and Outcomes using Turkish Household Level Micro Data Sets

Child and maternal health

The paper measured the extent to which improvements in health outcomes observed in years 2003-2008 were due to the expansion of the demand-side health insurance subsidy to the poor and to what extent they could be attributed to other supply-side changes taking place in the health sector in the same time period. This paper used 4 cross-sectional Demographic and Health Surveys for Turkey in 1993, 1998, 2003 and 2008 to look at changes over time in insurance coverage, and health care utilization in the antenatal period, during birth and the early postnatal period for children. Four different health care utilization variables were used: (i) whether the mother has received any antenatal care during pregnancy, (ii) whether the birth was given at a health facility (public or private), (iii) whether the birth was attended by skilled staff (a doctor, midwife or nurse) and (iv) whether the child has received a complete set of vaccinations. The variables are defined in the data for all children in the 0-4 age group (with births in the past 4 years) for the first three variables and for children in the 12-23 month group (1 year olds) for the vaccination variable.

The paper was utilized as a background paper for the LANCET Report "Universal Health Coverage in Turkey: Enhancing Equity".

November 2012 - April 2013

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impact evaluation turkey, qualitative analysis turkey, development analytics turkey, quantitative analysis  turkey, social policy turkey, qualitative research turkey, FGD turkey, focus group discussions turkey, policymakers training turkey, training turkey, ECD turkey, early childhood education turkey, Women's Empowerment turkey, childcare turkey, education turkey
impact evaluation MENA, qualitative analysis MENA, development analytics MENA, quantitative analysis  MENA, social policy MENA, qualitative research MENA, FGD MENA, focus group discussions MENA, policymakers training MENA, training turkey, ECD MENA, early childhood education MENA, Women's Empowerment MENA, childcare MENA, education MENA
impact evaluation middle east, qualitative analysis middle east, development analytics middle east, quantitative analysis  middle east, social policy middle east, qualitative research middle east, FGD middle east, focus group discussions middle east, policymakers training middle east, training turkey, ECD middle east, early childhood education middle east, Women's Empowerment middle east, childcare middle east, education middle east

تقييم الاثر ، التحليل النوعي ، التحليلات التنموية  ، تحليلات كمية ، اسياسات اجتماعية، البحث النوعي ، جلسات تركيز  ، مناقشات مجموعة التركيز ، تدريب صناع السياسة  ، تدريب  ، تعليم مبكر، ، تعليم الطفولة المبكرة  ، تمكين المرأة ، رعياة الطفولة ، التعليم 

Kalitatif , yapıcıların eğitimi, eğitim, erken çocukluk eğitimi, Kadınların Güçlendirilmesi, çocuk bakımı, eğitimanaliznicel analiz, sosyalpolitika, nitel araştırma, politika

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Development Analytics provides evidence based research for social program and policy development. Our main areas of study are poverty, education, health, social protection and the overall distributional impact of social policies. We specialize in large scale data analysis and statistical methods for social research. Our clients include central governments, international development organizations, NGOs (as well as corporate clients with a social responsibility vision). We provide our clients with research and tools to (i) understand and diagnose social problems, (ii) devise programs to tackle these issues and (iii) to measure and rigorously evaluate their results.