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Documentation of Education Response in Turkey during the Covid-19 Pandemic and its Effect on Children's Access to and Retention in Education

UNICEF
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The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a significant period of disruption in face-to-face education, and this in return affected the education outcomes of children. To contain the spread of the virus, the schools were closed in countries around the world starting in February 2020.  Due to the disruptions in face-to-face education, millions of children are predicted to experience learning losses and also lose on their lifetime earnings at the rate of 14% of global GDP today. Evidence from learning assessments from countries including Mexico, Russia, Pakistan and South Africa and also global microsimulations of learning outcomes show important learning losses for children in different grades. 

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About This Study

The report is prepared based on the project: “Documentation of Education Response in Turkey during the Covid-19 Pandemic and its Effect on Children's Access to and Retention in Education”. The report was commissioned by UNICEF Turkey and prepared by Development Analytics from October 2021 through February 2022. The study uses a mixed-methods approach to review and analyse the existing data and documents while also collecting primary qualitative data from stakeholders and experts. The methodological tools that have been used are (i) Desk review, (ii) Quantitative Data Analysis (Analysis of DHS 2018 and PISA 2018 datasets) and (iii) Qualitative Data Collection and Analysis through KIIs with Stakeholders. The study aims (i) to understand and document the policies implemented so far, the challenges faced by the children, teachers and schools during the extended period of school closures in Turkey and (ii) to estimate the impact of the COVID pandemic on children’s education outcomes and identify risk groups.