Harnessing the Power of Youth

An Analysis of Youth Not-in-Employment, Education or Training (NEET) in Turkey and Policies and Civil Society Models that Promote Active Youth Engagement

This research study was conducted within the scope of the “Enhancing Advocacy Capacities of Youth CSOs in Turkey: Guiding CSOs through Research” project funded by the EU and jointly executed by Development Analytics and the Young Guru Academy (YGA). The report aims to contribute to the analytical and academic evidence base on the issue of youth, not in employment, education or training in Turkey, as well as to provide a stocktake of available models of youth empowerment from existing CSOs and to highlight these models to a policy audience.

 

CHAPTERS

 

KEY FINDINGS

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  • Turkey has a significant youth inactivity problem, defined mainly along gender lines, but also linked to youth unemployment. With more than a quarter of young people, not in employment, education or training, the country not only misses out on a potential source of growth and income (estimated at 2.37-3.15% of GDP in this report) but also reduces the chances of these young people to take part in vibrant social and economic activity at the beginning of their productive lives.  

  • Over a quarter of young people in Turkey are neither in employment nor in education or training. Three-quarters of NEET youth in Turkey are women, hence gender is an important determinant of NEET status. In certain regions of Turkey, particularly in the south-east, the NEET rate of women increases significantly (to more than ¾ of young women in certain areas).  

  • Education is an important determinant and driver of non-NEET status, especially for women. Household wealth is also correlated with lower levels of NEET but the correlation is smaller. 

  • The share of NEET increases among young women with age, while it decreases among young men. Life events, such as marriage and having children also change NEET rates in opposing directions for men and women, with young women being more likely to become NEET once they are married and have children. Most NEET men live with their parents while the majority of NEET young women are married. 

  • Time-use patterns of NEET youth women reveal that they are mainly busy with household chores and care activities and they have very little ‘idle’ time for leisure activities, unlike young NEET men, who spend the majority of their time in leisure. 

  • Most NEET youth have worked before, and have some connection to the labour market, however for women with lower than university degree attainment, the attachment to the labour market is very weak, with most of them not looking to return to work due to household chores and care activities.  

  • Young people in Turkey, have very low levels of civic engagement and NEET youth are likely to be even more disengaged from civil society activities. While only 10% of youth have a CSO membership, this level is only at 3% for NEET youth. In general, civic engagement is higher among men, youth with higher education and youth living in wealthier households.  Hence, while civil society might be an actor in helping solve the NEET problem by providing action models for empowerment, they cannot be expected to be in a position of addressing the NEET problem of Turkey, as civil society has a very low level of engagement with the target group.

 

INFOGRAPHIC

impact evaluation turkey, qualitative analysis turkey, development analytics turkey, quantitative analysis  turkey, social policy turkey, qualitative research turkey, FGD turkey, focus group discussions turkey, policymakers training turkey, training turkey, ECD turkey, early childhood education turkey, Women's Empowerment turkey, childcare turkey, education turkey
impact evaluation MENA, qualitative analysis MENA, development analytics MENA, quantitative analysis  MENA, social policy MENA, qualitative research MENA, FGD MENA, focus group discussions MENA, policymakers training MENA, training turkey, ECD MENA, early childhood education MENA, Women's Empowerment MENA, childcare MENA, education MENA
impact evaluation middle east, qualitative analysis middle east, development analytics middle east, quantitative analysis  middle east, social policy middle east, qualitative research middle east, FGD middle east, focus group discussions middle east, policymakers training middle east, training turkey, ECD middle east, early childhood education middle east, Women's Empowerment middle east, childcare middle east, education middle east

تقييم الاثر ، التحليل النوعي ، التحليلات التنموية  ، تحليلات كمية ، اسياسات اجتماعية، البحث النوعي ، جلسات تركيز  ، مناقشات مجموعة التركيز ، تدريب صناع السياسة  ، تدريب  ، تعليم مبكر، ، تعليم الطفولة المبكرة  ، تمكين المرأة ، رعياة الطفولة ، التعليم 

Kalitatif , yapıcıların eğitimi, eğitim, erken çocukluk eğitimi, Kadınların Güçlendirilmesi, çocuk bakımı, eğitimanaliznicel analiz, sosyalpolitika, nitel araştırma, politika

Development Analytics provides evidence based research for social program and policy development. Our main areas of study are poverty, education, health, social protection and the overall distributional impact of social policies. We specialize in large scale data analysis and statistical methods for social research. Our clients include central governments, international development organizations, NGOs (as well as corporate clients with a social responsibility vision). We provide our clients with research and tools to (i) understand and diagnose social problems, (ii) devise programs to tackle these issues and (iii) to measure and rigorously evaluate their results.