This is a mixed-methods study that investigates the status of childcare services in Turkey, particularly from the angle of quality, affordability, accessibility, and sufficiency of such supply. The overall work was done considering the potential interaction between such services and female labour force participation and productivity. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected for the study in 5 provinces of Turkey: Istanbul, Samsun, Eskisehir, Denizli, and Gaziantep. The study has 4 main components:,
(i) Mapping of Child Care: The availability and capacity of existing childcare and early childhood education supply were mapped in relation to the potential demand (i.e. number of children), female labour force participation levels, and (information allowed) average household income levels, both at the national level and in selected provinces;
(ii) Supply Side Assessment: Quantitative data was collected from 603 preschools and child care centres in Turkey and the types of childcare services available to households, both public and private, as well as community-based and other models were investigated along with their quality, cost, and accessibility in detail;
(iii) Demand Side Assessment: The normative and social aspects of use and access to childcare services are explored. This assessment includes both focus groups and individual questionnaires to better understand care needs of families with children, household preferences when it comes to childcare, and barriers to access childcare, as well as women’s and men’s expectations of a new childcare support model. The demand assessment is structured around the dynamics of care demand and supply at the household level, taking women and their labour force engagement as the centre of focus. The assessment includes 25 focus group discussions with working, non-working mothers and fathers in 5 provinces;
(iv) Costing exercise: The actual operating costs of childcare centres in these provinces are investigated. The exercise also takes into consideration average family income in those provinces as well as household willingness to pay for childcare centres.
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📖 Read our article: "Investing in women and the next generation: The case for expanding childcare in Turkey"